28 DE LAET'S ITINERARY. as the roving and vagabond portion of the population, who used to keep them In chock, were all disarmed after the mutiny. Complaints are now frequent of the damage done to the crops; and in some parts of the district vet more serious injury is occasioned by the increase in the number of wolves. The old Customs hedge, now happily abolished, used to run along the whole length of this road from Jait, seven miles out of Mathuru, to the Gurgdnw border. Though in every other respect a source of much annoyance to the people living in its neighbourhood, the watchmen, who patrolled it night and day, were a graat protection to travellers, and a highway robbery was never known to takVplace; while on the corresponding road between Mathura and Agra they were -at one time of frequent occurrence.* The quantity of sugarcane now grown in this part of the district is very inconsiderable. The case may have been different in De. Laet's time ; but on other grounds there seems reason for believing that his descriptions are not drawn from actual observation, and are therefore not thoroughly trustworthy. For example, he gives the marches from Agra to Delhi as follows:—"From Agra, the residence of the king, to Rownoctan, twelve coss ; to Bady, a saraey ten ; to Achbarpore, twelve (this was formerly a considerable town, now it is only visited by pilgrims, who come on account of many holy Muhammadans buried here); to Hondle, thirteen coss; to Pulwool, twelve; to Fareedabad, twelve; to Delhi, ten." !NW, this passage requires much manipulation before it can be reconciled with established facts, Rownoctan, it may be presumed, would, if correctly spelt, appear in the form Kaunak-than, meaning " a royal halting- place," and was probably merely the fashionable appellation, for the time, of the Hindu village of Rankata, which is still the first stage out of Agra. Bady or Bad, is a small village on the narrow strip of Bharat-pur territory which so inconveniently intersects the Agra and Mathura road. There has never been any same theie; the one intended is the Jamal-pur sarue, some three coss further on, at the entrance to the civil station. The fact that Mathura has dropt out of the Itinerary altogether, in favour of such an insignificant little hamlet as B&d, * This Inland Customs Line, which had no parallel in the world except the great wall of China, was about 1,200 njilcs in !ength4 from the Tapti to the Indus, and was manned by an establishment of between 8,000 and 9,000 officers and men. It consisted of a barrier, chiefly in the form of a thick, thorny hedge, along which were placed at short intervals more than 1,300 guard posts. The cost was about £100,000 per annum, and the revenue realized about a million sterling; the yearly import ol salt from Kijpntana being about 60,000 tons, of which on an ^Teiage one-half came from the Bharat-pur State.